A mangrove is a type of tree that can survive in salt water and brackish waters. Mangrove trees grow in tropical and subtropical regions. They can survive on sea coasts. These trees are unique because of these particular qualities. Mangrove trees become a habitat for different kinds of species of birds, mammals, crustaceans and fishes.
However, they are in danger from human activities and pollution. For many conservationists, spill kits and equipment are essential in protecting these sensitive areas from contamination.
The trees’ importance
Mangrove swamps maintain and create an ecological balance. These trees are crucial in keeping this balance, which benefits the environment and human beings.
1. Fisheries: The trees provide shelters to different types of fish and crustaceans. The roots serve as a home to these creatures and provide protection. It helps stabilise the population of marine animals, and it also helps humans by providing them with a source of food and income.
2. Wood Products: The wood of the mangrove are precious because they are very resistant. They rarely rot, and the trees do not attract insects. This attribute of the tree helps some communities, as they rely on mangroves for their building materials. They also use the leaves for medicinal purposes and animal feeds.
3. Tourist Attraction: Many tourists like to see the diverse wildlife found in a mangrove forest. Its unique ecosystem, and the creatures found in the area make it an appealing spot for many tourists.
4. Coastal Protection: The roots of the mangrove trees are dense. These trap sediments from flowing down to river systems and on flatlands. By trapping the sediments, the mangrove trees also help in protecting coral reefs from getting destroyed. This action helps in stabilising the coastline, and it helps in preventing erosion from huge waves storms.
The mangrove trees have such a huge role in the environment. But sadly, these are in danger. The toxic chemical from fertilisers, pesticides and others that get into the water system also washes up towards the forest. The harsh chemicals can kill the forest. Another form of pollution is oil. When there is an oil spill, it could cover the roots will suffocate the trees.
One of the solutions to these problems would be to prevent the chemicals getting into the water. Any facility or ship should have spill kits, especially if they are handling oil products and other harsh chemicals. The kits will be able to absorb the harsh chemicals and lessen or prevent damages to the forest. These solutions could help save the trees and the creatures that live in the mangrove forest.
For many communities living in these areas, the mangrove forest is vital to their survival. Protecting these habitats protect the communities that depend on them.